What is Diabetes ?

What is Diabetes ?

Nowadays, there are many common health conditions and diseases which are causing many people problems and for which a treatment is required – diabetes is one of these.


Whenever a person’s blood sugar level becomes too high consistently, it is known as Diabetes and usually lasts a lifetime.

Sometimes, people do develop high blood sugar levels above the normal range, but not high enough to be diagnosed as having diabetes – this is known as pre-diabetes, and usually leads to full-blown diabetes.

There are two main types of diabetes:


Type 1 – less common, where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin


Type 2 – this is the most common type covering 90% of all adults, where the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells do not respond to insulin


Another type is gestational diabetes – this usually occurs when women are pregnant and some ladies produce high levels of blood glucose because their body is unable to generate enough insulin to absorb it.

Early diagnosis is important to ensure diabetes is not untreated and develops into something more serious. A regular checkup with the local GP should be maintained.


The Insulin hormone produced by the pancreas gland controls the amount of sugar in the blood.


When a person digests food and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it’s broken down to produce energy.


If an individual has diabetes, then their body is unable to break down glucose into energy, either due to lack of insulin to breakdown the glucose, or the insulin produced does not work properly.


Some symptoms associated with diabetes include:-

– thirsty feeling
– frequent urinating
– feeling tired
– weight loss
– itching around the private parts
– slow healing cuts or wounds
– blurred vision


Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly over weeks or whilst type 2 diabetes usually occurs over a longer period.


Treatment for Diabetes includes :-

– eating healthily
– take regular exercise and
– carry out regular blood tests to ensure your blood glucose levels stay balanced.
– maintain healthy weight
– medication (type 2)
– regular insulin injections (type 1)
– eye screening
– medical checkups

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