Lahore – The Cultural City of Lights

Lahore is the second highest populated city in Pakistan with approx 11.5 million people. The city is located in the province of Punjab.


Lahore is a beautiful city with a semi-arid climate.  It has a rich cultural heritage with famous food cuisine, natural beauty, landscapes, parks, wildlife, art, architecture, buildings, monuments and infrastructure.


The city has a Muslim majority (94%), Christian minority (5.8%) and minute pockets of Bahais, Hindus, Ahmediya, Parsis, Zoroastrian and Sikhs (0.2%).


Lahore is a wealthy cosmopolitan city with a GDP of approx $60 billion, projected to be above $100 billion by 2025 (Global City Rankings 2008-2025: Price Waterhouse Coopers) and has a long historical cultural heritage. Lahore is at an economic par with Karachi, with a major industrial, finance, banking, real estate and an expanding software, hardware and publishing industry.


The city reached it prominent heights during the Mughal Empire and served as its capital for a while. It also has a long history under the rules of the Ghaznavids, Delhi Sultanate, Hindu Shahis, Ghurids, British and the Sikh Empire. The city of  Lahawar is mentioned in the works of Al-Biruni in the 11th century.


Lahore was annexed by the British in 1848 and gained independence, being liberated back to Pakistan in 1947. Lahore played a pivotal role during the independence movement of India/Pakistan and its liberation from the British rule, with both of the new countries making their resolutions here in the city. India made its declaration of independence on 31 December 1929 by Jawaharlal Nehru, and Pakistan passed the Lahore Resolution in 1940 by Muhammad Ali Jinnahs’ All India Muslim League, both were in the city of Lahore.


Lahore is a cultural and economic hub for education, literature, music, drama, film and tourism. It has a vast improving infrastructure of road, rail, transport, schools, colleges, universities, hospitals, telecommunications, airports, industry and business.


The city is divided into nine zones each with an elected mayor (Ravi, Shalamar, Wahga, Aziz Bhatti, Data Gunj Buksh, Gulberg, Samanabad, Iqbal, Nishar).


Lahore is endowed with many famous monuments, places and heritage sites, such as :-

  • The Badshahi Mosque
  • Minar-e-Pakistan
  • Lahore Fort
  • Shalimar Gardens
  • Shahdara Bagh (tomb of Emperor Jahangir and Nur Jahan)
  • Wazir Khan Mosque
  • Lahore Railway Station
  • Tomb of Allama Iqbal
  • Gaddafi Cricket Stadium
  • The Wagah Border
  • Aitchison College
  • Lahore Museum
  • University of Punjab
  • Bagh-e-Jinnah
  • Various Gardens / Parks (Changa Manga, Nasir Bagh, Hazuri Bagh, Jallo Park)
  • Lahore Expo Centre
  • Defense Raya Golf Resort
  • Kayre International Hotel
  • Arfa Software Technology Park
  • Lahore Metrobus
  • Allama Iqbal International Airport
  • Data Sahib Mausoleum (of Ali Hujwiri)
  • Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital


Lahore is a renowned international city hosting many sporting, economic, cultural and political events, such as the 1990 Men’s Hockey World Cup,  ICC Cricket Final in 1996 and the OIC Summit in 1974.


Lahore was briefly the Capital of a unified West and East Pakistan from 1955-1970.


Lahore is a popular city for many diverse cultural tourist festivals such as Eid, Basant, Kite Flying,  and is the headquarters of the majority of sports governing bodies.


Lahore is a large buzzing place to visit with a friendly people and not to be missed on a tour of Pakistan.


Dr Ghulam S Ashraf is a Content Writer for

Leave a Reply
%d bloggers like this: